Key Stages 1-4: Subject Division

Key Stages

The key stages of IGCSE are the distribution of classes from primary to high school that is divided into five levels. The four levels cover the classes till grade 12 and level five is the transition level from high school to university. As there is general confusion as to what the IGCSE subject breakdown is, here is a subject breakdown for you. The subjects are compulsory parts of all the curriculums and accurately reflect the study load that your kids will manage. 

Key Stage 1:

Key Stage 1 is mainly focused on classes 1 and 2 and will include the students’ age ranged between 5 and 7. As the course load is pretty light as these are young children. The course content is also fairly simple and basic as the courses are ten. Children can only take so much workload so small chapters and interactive exams are used to make sure that students are learning well. 

Subjects:

  • Art and design
  • Maths
  • History
  • Geography
  • Science
  • English
  • Design and technology
  • Music
  • information and communication technology or ICT
  • Religious education
  • Physical education

Religious education and physical education are semi-optional subjects. They are compulsory but students decide the content. For example, religious studies will cover the religion that the students want to study and P.E will include physical activities that students enjoy. 

Key Stage 2:

The second key stage focuses on classes from three to six and the kids are aged between seven and eleven years of age in a regular plan. These are the transition classes from primary and basic education to advanced learning plans. Students learn how to conduct complex functions, answer multi-layered questions and develop high-end cognitive thinking. All the classes in the sections, third, fourth and fifth focus on the following list of courses on a considerably advanced level.  

Subjects:

  • History
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Geography
  • Art and Design
  • English
  • Design Technology
  • Computing
  • Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) / citizenship
  • Physical Education (PE)
  • Ancient and Modern Foreign Languages
  • Music
  • Religious Education

The religious education can include religion chosen by the parents or the children themselves. The PSHE and Citizenship are both optional and only taken by children who want extra credit. Also, Music is also a replaceable class with curricular activities like Drama, poetry and the likes. The foreign language slot is usually covered with the native language of the child. The children do not have to take a new language unless they are actually interested in it. 

Key Stage 3:

This stage includes grades seven and nine with children age brackets is between eleven and fourteen. The classes are right before the final years of children’s education and the education level is extremely advanced. Then, the children are expected to excel in the CAT4 exams, gain exemplary grades, conduct experiments and carry the complex educational content well. 

Subjects:

  • History
  • Computing
  • Science
  • Geography
  • English
  • Art and Design
  • Sex Education
  • Mathematics
  • Music
  • Physical Education
  • Design and Technology
  • Modern Foreign Language
  • Citizenship
  • Career education

The education system focuses on high-level studies and none of the subjects are optional. Because most parents simply continue with the choices they had made in earlier stages for religion and all other optional subjects. 

Key Stage 4:

The final key stage includes classes tenth and eleventh and the students are aged from fourteen to sixteen years of age. These are the subjects included in the breakdown. 

Subjects:

  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Citizenship
  • Careers Education
  • Physical Education
  • Information and Communication Technology 
  • Work-related learning
  • English
  • Religious Education

The student also has optional subjects of design and technology, humanities and healthcare and modern foreign languages that they can choose. But they are not compulsory because the compulsory subjects are already pretty extensive, to begin with.

We hope that this subject’s breakdown was helpful. The content was developed simply so that you will not get confused by unnecessary details. The British educational plans are highly engaging and examination is objective in nature. IGCSE education system is extremely well regarded and is a great choice for your child.