KS1 maths is one of the core disciplines which have proved to be a solution for a number of problems confronting young students of science. Apart from being an important subject of study, KS1 maths is also inter-connected with certain other disciplines. KS1 maths is crucial for a number of sectors including science, technology, financial literacy, et al.

Key Stage 1 curriculum: Mathematics

KS1 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England which has been introduced with the Education Reform Act, 1988. When the national curriculum was first introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. It was later that England alone was subjected to the British National Curriculum. In the year 2014, the National Curriculum was planned to cover a large age group of local authority maintained schools present across England.

The Objective of the Study

The KS1 maths curriculum provides accurate knowledge regarding problems related to mathematics. This knowledge would serve as a foundation to students and help them make sense of what is happening around the world and indulge in rational thinking by fulfilling the following objectives:

  • In year 1 maths, students studying under the KS1 maths curriculum should have clarity regarding the basics of mathematics. This is sought to be achieved through the repeated and regular practice of complex problems, gradually over time which would aid in boosting the conceptual knowledge of the students pertaining to the field.
  • Students should be able to reason by following a mathematical line of inquiry as instructed in KS1 maths curriculum through considerable speculations in year 1 maths.
  • Math games in KS1 could also help in arriving at logical conclusions, proofs as well as justifications.
  • Pupils should be guided to utilize the numerical line of thinking for addressing everyday issues and problems with a sense of precision.

Given the inherent nature of the discipline in terms of being an inter-dependent and a coordinated one, students need to be able to learn with ease the representations of mathematical ideas. This is crucial in studying year 1 maths itself since the subject has been divided into specific domains for the purpose of lucid learning. However, without derivations and combinations and the inclusion of maths games KS1, the study of the subject is bound to remain filled with shortcomings.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT):

The boon of modern science and technology, devices like calculators should never be seen as an alternative for a strong grasp over the subject. Such devices are definitely not to be supported in the year 1 maths itself and should only be introduced at a phase when they could be used to assist and not substitute the conceptual knowledge of the discipline.

Spoken Language:

The discipline of mathematics is not just about numbers. The nature, quality, and diversity of the languages in terms of what the students hear and speak go a long way in shaping their mathematical vocabulary and arriving at plausible conclusions for the same.

The national curriculum for mathematics has laid down the program of studying the subject in quite a comprehensive manner as it spawns over the different stages. However, the different schools have some amount of considerations with which they could bring about some changes in the content by introducing the lessons earlier or later than the period assigned by the curriculum.

Target group

KS 1 includes two years of schooling within the context of maintained schools in England and Whales. This pertains to year 1 and 2 and involves students in the age group of 5-7. However, Key Stage 1 may correspond to an infant school in certain cases. Other than the same KS 1 may as well form a part of the first or the primary school.


The efficiency of KS1 maths as a curriculum lies in the fact that it allows the students to understand the fundamentals of mathematics better. It also enables to mathematically reason questions that students need to solve and generate further curiosity towards such solutions in the minds of the next generation.