The KS1 geography curriculum is designed in a way to promote an effective understanding of the topography and the physical aspect of the world in which we live.

Key Stage 1 curriculum Geography

KS1 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England which has been introduced with the Education Reform Act taking place in the year 1988. When the national curriculum was first introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. It was later that England alone was subjected to the British National Curriculum. In the year 2014, the National Curriculum was planned to cover the greatest age groups of local authority maintained schools present across England.

The objective of study

The KS1 geography curriculum is designed in such a way in order to render the aforesaid objective realizable and the propositions are common across both the years of Key Stage 1 through studying a variety of KS1 geography topics.

Students should be instructed about

The discipline of Geography is taught in the KS1 levels with the intention of guiding students in the following genres:

  • Location Knowledge·
    Ability to identify the five oceans and seven continents of the world

    Capability to spot out, locate and name the features and characteristics of the capital cities of U.K. as well as the four countries and their surrounding water bodies

  • Place Knowledge

    Imparts the capability to compare and contrast the topographical differences and similarities. This is one of the most significant of the KS1 geography topics. KS1 analyzes the physical and human geography of a small territorial location of the United Kingdom with that of an equivalent area in a non-European country

  • Human and Physical Geography

    Ability to pinpoint the seasonal and the common weather patterns in the United Kingdom and locales of hot and cold areas of the world is one of the prime aspects of studying human and physical geography KS1 as a discipline, aiding to determine its relativity vis-à-vis the places in the Equatorial region and those near the North and the South Poles

    Students should be adept in the usage of geographical vocabulary when referring to:

    • Prime physical features such as forests, mountains, oceans, vegetation, season, hills weather and others
    • Significant human features such as villages, farms, harbors, cities, shops, towns and others
  • Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

    Under this sphere of KS1 geography topic, pupils should be skilled in using atlases, maps and globes for the purpose of identification of U.K. and its countries, along with other continents, oceans, and countries which form a part of the curriculum at this stage.

    Usage of tools like compasses for the purpose of navigation and the understanding of directions (West and East, South and North), along with directional and locational language such as far and near, right and left for the purpose of elucidating the position of the features and their routes on the map.

    Acquisition of skills for the usage of aerial photographs and plan perspectives for identifying crucial locales and the basic physical and human features, development of maps and the construction of basic symbols in a key.

    Using observational capabilities and simple fieldwork to analyze and make sense of the physical features and geography of their school and its surrounding environment through better understanding of the KS1 geography topics.

Target group

KS 1 includes two years of schooling within the context of maintained schools in England and Wales. This pertains to year 1 and 2 and involves students in the age group of 5-7. However, Key Stage 1 may correspond to the infant school in certain cases. Other than this KS1 may as well form a part of the first or the primary school.


The KS1 curriculum of Geography is a significant educational program which ensures that students develop the necessary skills to understand contexts, globally significant geographies and understand the processes that lead to physical and spatial variations in landforms.