Physical Education


Fitness and a forthcoming attitude towards games and other such activities are held to be extremely crucial as parts to a good academic record. The physical education curriculum thus may be seen as an important determining factor contributing towards a healthy body and mind which in turn goes a long way in ensuring success and happiness in one’s life.

Key Stage 1 curriculum History

KS1 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England which has been introduced with the Education Reform Act, 1988. When the national curriculum was first introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. It was later that England alone was subjected to the British National Curriculum. In the year 2014, the National Curriculum was planned to cover a larger age group of local authority maintained schools present across England.

The objective of study

The primary objective of a standard KS1 physical education curriculum is inclusive of developing each child’s health competently enough to participate in a range of physical activities. The aim here is to keep them in action regularly and making them confident in expressing themselves in terms of stamina and fitness.

Students should be instructed about

The program of study for the physical education curriculum stretches in a detailed manner over the first two years of Key Stage 1. The specifics are:

Sports and Games

  • Students are expected to be inculcated with the requisite expertise in basic movements involving jumping, running, catching, and throwing. Apart from these, skills such as balance, flexibility and synchronization should be fostered while also developing the ability, to apply them while undertaking a range of activities.
  • They should be motivated to participate in team games while learning how to defend and attack by engaging in activities related to physical education in primary schools.
  • Participate in dance events involving lucid movement patterns that are taught through physical education in primary schools.

Swimming and Water Safety

The schools are expected to mandatorily provide swimming instruction in either of the two stages, i.e., Key Stage 1 PE curriculum or Key Stage 2 PE curriculum. Herein the pupils are expected to be instructed to:

  • Develop competence in swimming while participating in the same with confidence and proficiency over a distance which is at least 25 meters
  • Effective use of a wide range of strokes while pursuing Key Stage 1 PE curriculum
  • Being able to deliver safe self-rescue in difficult water-based critical situations

Target group

KS 1 includes two years of schooling within the context of maintained schools in England and Wales. This pertains to year 1 and 2 and involves students in the age group of 5-7. However, Key Stage 1 may correspond to the infant school in certain cases. Other than this KS 1 may as well form a part of the first or the primary school.


An ideal physical education curriculum, therefore, should aid in providing a competitive edge to a child physically by making them participate in integral sports. The physical confidence that is imparted to these children through physical activities shall stay with them for a lifetime and create more opportunities for them by giving them a better body and a stronger character.