Upper Key Stage 2 – Years 5 and 6


The primary emphasis of structuring of the Science curriculum for the upper key stage 2 Science is to develop extensive knowledge in a varied range of scientific ideas. This will include the prior idea of acquiring a solid grip and understanding of sustenance of life on Earth in its totality vis-a-vis functions, interactions and relations.

Key Stage 2 Curriculum History

The KS2 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England, which got introduced with the Education Reform Act. When the national curriculum got introduced first, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. Later, England alone followed the British National Curriculum. The exhaustive program of study of the Key Stage 2 forms a part of the primary curriculum under the national curriculum, and it deals with subjects which are specified as per the norms laid in 1988.

The Objective of Study

At the level of upper key stage 2 science, encourage students to make attempts at identifying how these ideas can aid them in understanding the operation mechanisms of the world. Students should be aware of the notions of scientific ideas and evolve and transform over time. They should be enthusiastic about the deployment of different kinds of scientific tools throughout after studying the upper key stage 2 science. Further, they should answer their scientific queries, solve year 6 science worksheets and based on the same arrive at conclusions which should be justifiable through a rich understanding of hardcore data and facts especially while studying year 5 science.

Instructions for Students

The inherent notion of ‘working and thinking scientifically’ while studying upper key stage 2 science is creating a clear understanding of Science as a subject over successive years. Teach and link it to substantive science content as stated in the curriculum of the year 5 science. Students should have a deep understanding of their appropriate usage regarding correct spelling, reading and pronunciation.

Year 5

  • Working Scientifically
  • Living Things and their habitats
  • Animals, including humans
  • Properties and Changes of Materials
  • Earth and Space
  • Forces

Year 6

  • Working Scientifically
  • Living Things and their habitats
  • Animals including humans
  • Evolution
  • Light
  • Electricity

Target group

The Key Stage 2 follows Key Stage 1 and encapsulates four years of schooling for the maintained schools in Wales and England. This pertains to years 3-6 and involves students in the age group of 7-11. The Key Stage 2 corresponds to junior schools, however, in certain cases; the entire stage is a part of the middle or primary school.


On the whole, students should make sincere attempts of arriving at answers to their scientific queries by using diverse scientific enquiries for acquiring responses to their questions. This will also include the ability to identify and control variables whenever necessary and practice the same by solving year 6 science worksheets. Teach them measurements with the aid of scientific equipment, pictorial representations such as tables, that are mainly included in the syllabus of year 5 science, scientific diagrams and labels, bar and line graphs, classification keys and scatter graphs. Students should also be able to present their results coherently as they would present solutions to year 6 science worksheets, and this would be predominantly in a written or oral form such as presentations and displays.