The Key Stage 2 Geography Curriculum is a comprehensive program to dispense a deep sense of understanding vis-à-vis the geographical territory, human and physical features and topographical aspects of our planet. The KS2 Geography curriculum charts out a clear trajectory enabling students to acquire a firm grasp over knowledge of physical geography.

Key Stage 2 Curriculum History

The KS2 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England, which got introduced with the Education Reform Act. When the national curriculum first got introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. Later, England alone followed the British National Curriculum. The exhaustive program of study of the Key Stage 2 forms a part of the primary curriculum under the national curriculum, and it deals with subjects which were specified as per the norms laid in 1988.

The Objective of Study

An extensive sense of understanding with respect to the geographical territory encompassing human and physical geography of different regions across the globe, remains the foremost objective of the Key Stage 2 Geography curriculum. In the quest of attainment of the same, the KS2 geography topics are sought to be detailed in as intricate a manner as possible.

Instructions for Students

The basic propositions include:

Locational Knowledge

  • Pinpoint the countries of the world, through the utilization of maps to emphasize on Europe (including the geographical position of Russia) and South and North America, stressing upon their environmental surroundings, significant human and physical features, countries and major cities.
  • Locate and identify cities and counties of the United Kingdom, geographical territories and their unique human and physical features, crucial topographical characteristics (inclusive of mountains, hills, rivers and coasts), and land-use patterns; and comprehend how to transform some of these aspects.
  • Recognize the location and essence of longitude, latitude, Equator, Southern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere, the Tropic of Capricorn and Cancer, Antarctic and Arctic Circles, the Greenwich/Prime Meridian and time zones (inclusive of day and night).

Place Knowledge

  • Comprehend territorial differences and similarities through the human and physical geography of a place of the United Kingdom, a region situated in any European country, and a place in South or North America.

Human and Physical Geography

  • Elucidate and comprehend significant aspects of physical geography, including biomes and vegetation belts, climate zones, mountains, water cycle, rivers and volcanoes and earthquakes.
  • Explicate and make sense of the crucial aspects of human geography, including economic activity such as trade links, kinds of land use and settlement, and the allocation of natural resources such as food, energy, water and minerals.

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

  • Utilize globes, maps, digital/ computer mapping and Atlases to pinpoint countries and elucidate the studied characteristics.
  • Utilize the 4 and 6-figure grid references, 8 points of a compass, keys and symbols (involving the use of Ordnance Survey Maps) to develop their knowledge of the United Kingdom as well as the outside world.
  • Utilize the avenue of fieldwork to measure, analyze, record and depict the physical and human features in the local area with the help of an array of techniques and tools such as graphs and plans, sketch maps and digital technologies

Target group

The Key Stage 2 follows Key Stage 1 and encapsulates four years of schooling for the maintained schools in Wales and England. This pertains to years 3-6 and involves students in the age group of 7-11. The Key Stage 2 corresponds to junior schools, however, in certain cases; the entire stage is a part of the middle or primary school.


The KS2 geography program of study can be required as a harbinger for developing intensive knowledge of human and physical geography. This is crucial in terms of evolving a nuanced sense of understanding pertaining to geographical territory.