The key stage 2 history curriculum aids pupils in acquiring coherent and holistic knowledge of Britain’s past and that of the rest of the world. The structuring of ks2 history topics is with the objective of kindling student’s curiosity to know more about the past. The parameters of history assessment ks2 revolve around the ideas of enabling pupils to ask insightful questions, think critically, evaluate evidence, analyze arguments and evolve conclusions, opinions and judgments.

The KS2 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England, which got introduced with the Education Reform Act. When the national curriculum first got introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. Later, England alone followed the British National Curriculum. The exhaustive program of study of Key Stage 2 forms a part of the primary curriculum under the national curriculum, and it deals with subjects which were specified as per the norms laid in 1988.

The Objective of Study

History is not the dead end of the past. It is a continuous process of learning and experience. The objective of the key stage 2 history curriculum is to assist pupils in comprehending the complexities of people’s lives, the trajectory of transitions, the diversity of societies and relations between different groups, coupled with their own identity and the obstacles of their time.

Instructions for Students

The program of study continues uniformly for the four years of Key Stage 2. Accordingly, the ks2 history topics will include:

Pre-Roman Britain

Acquaint students with the transitions in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.

This may possibly involve:

  • Hunter-gatherers from the Neolithic period and the early farmers, for instance, Skara Brae.
  • Technology, religion and travel which forms the defining features of the Bronze Age, for instance, Stonehenge.
  • Hillforts of the Iron Age: farming, culture, tribal kingdoms and art.

Roman Britain

It requires students to know about the Roman Empire and its influence on Britain. A study of Roman activities ks2 forms a crucial portion of the key stage 2 history curriculum.

This could possibly involve:

  • Attempts at invasion undertaken by Julius Caesar in 55-54 BC.
  • The state of the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the strength of its army.
  • Claudius’ conquest and triumphant invasion, including Hadrian’s 3Wall.
  • British defiance, for instance, Boudica.
  • The process of “Romanization” of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the influence of culture, technology and beliefs, including early technology.

Anglo-Saxons and Scots

Educate students about Britain’s settlement by the Scots and the Anglo-Saxons. These form crucial ks2 history topics.

This may involve:

  • The Roman exodus from Britain in c. AD 410 and the disintegration of the western Roman Empire.
  • Invasion of Scots from Ireland to north Britain (now Scotland).
  • Anglo-Saxon settlements, invasions and kingdoms: names, place and village life.
  • Anglo-Saxon culture and art.
  • Christian conversion – Iona, Canterbury and Lindisfarne.

Anglo-Saxons and Vikings

Provide information to students about the struggles of the Viking and Anglo-Saxon for the Kingdom of England to the reign of Edward the Confessor, a significant time frame under the key stage 2 history curriculum.

This could involve:

  • Viking invasion and raids.
  • Defiance by Athelstan, first king of England and Alfred the Great.
  • Further invasions of the Viking and Danegeld.
  • Anglo-Saxon justice and laws.
  • Edward the Confessor and the termination of his life in 1066.

Local History

Educate students about a specific dimension of local history through prudent utilization of the history resources of ks2.

For instance:

  • An extensive study associated with one of the British areas of study as specified above.
  • An analysis over time tracking how diverse dimensions of national history has been reflected in the locality (the study can go beyond 1066).
  • An analysis of a specific dimension of history or a site belonging to the period extending beyond 1066 which is crucial in the locality.

Extended chronological study

Educate the students about a specific theme or dimension in British history which will help in augmenting students’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066. The KS2 history curriculum endeavors to put forth a systematic pursuit of acquiring the knowledge of history systematically.

For instance:

  • Scrutinizing the transitioning power of monarchs through the usage of case studies such as Anne, John and Victoria.
  • Transitions in a specific dimension of social history, such as punishment and crime from the Anglo-Saxons to the contemporary or entertainment and leisure in the 20th century.
  • The heritage of Roman or Greek culture (architecture, art or literature), tracing its impact on later periods in the history of Britain, inclusive of contemporary times.
  • A crucial turning point in the history of Britain, for instance, the Battle of Britain or the first railways.

Ancient Civilizations

Enlighten the students about the accomplishments of the earliest civilizations – a synoptic view of the time and place where the first civilizations were discernible and an extensive study of one of the following. This depicts the comprehensive nature of the ks2 history curriculum

  • The Indus Valley;
  • Ancient Sumer;
  • The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China; or
  • Ancient Egypt.

Ancient Greece

Provide students with information about Greek accomplishments and their life as well as their impact on the western world.

Non-European Study

Impart knowledge to students about the non-European society that provides a comparison with British history – one study selected from:

  • Mayan civilization c. AD 900;
  • Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300; or
  • Early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900.

Target group

The Key Stage 2 follows Key Stage 1 and encapsulates four years of schooling for the maintained schools in Wales and England. This pertains to years 3-6 and involves students in the age group of 7-11. The Key Stage 2 corresponds to junior schools, however, in certain cases; the entire stage is a part of the middle or primary school.


Since history continuously informs the present and can serve as an essential guide for the future, a comprehensive ks2 history curriculum encompassing significant ks2 history topics serves as a launching pad for propelling students in the direction of success.