Humans have an embedded existence and as such the KS3 geography curriculum aims at providing top-notched Geography education to students. The intent is to provide education that can aid in kindling a sense of fascination and curiosity in young minds about the world and the people inhabiting it. While knowledge about physical Geography may be crucial in giving an understanding of the ecological processes and human and natural environments, human geography tends to make one appreciative of human diversity by dispensing knowledge of people, their communities, economies, cultures and their activities as it affects and is in turn influenced by the Earth’s surface.

Key Stage 3 Curriculum History

The KS3 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England, which got introduced with the Education Reform Act. When the national curriculum first got introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. Later, England alone followed the British National Curriculum. The terminology about this stage gets specifically elucidated in the Education Act of 2002. It states, “the period beginning at the same time as the school year in which the majority of pupils in his class attain the age of twelve and ending at the same time as the school year in which the majority of pupils in his class attain the age of fourteen.”

The Objective of the Study

Intensive knowledge of human and physical Geography through awareness of globally significant places in the quest of understanding Earth’s processes continue to be the prime endeavor of the KS3 Geography Curriculum. A holistic understanding of the features of human and physical geography for making sense of spatial variation and changes in geographical processes happen to be another crucial aim of the ks3 Geography Curriculum.

Instructions for Students

Teach the pupils:

  • Locational Knowledge

    • Enhance their knowledge about locations and bolster their territorial awareness of the countries of the world through the usage of maps to emphasize on Asia (including India and China), Africa, Middle East and Russia, stressing on their ecological domains, including, hot and polar deserts, prime human and physical geography (attributes), key cities and countries.
  • Place Knowledge

    • Make sense of territorial differences, similarities and associations between regions through the examination of the human and physical topography of a place in Africa and that of Asia.
  • Human and Physical Geography

    • Comprehend, via the usage of meticulous and intricate region-based ideals at diverse scales and in the prime processes.
    • Physical Geography (topography) pertains to soils and weathering, rocks, plate tectonics and geological timescales, climate and weather, inclusive of climatic transitions from the Ice Age to contemporary times, and hydrology, glaciations and coasts.
    • Human Geography is pertaining to international development, urbanisation and population, economic ventures in the primary, secondary, quaternary and tertiary sectors and the usage of natural resources.
    • Develop a sense of understanding of how the physical and the human processes connect and mesh to impact and transform climate, environments and the landscapes, and how human actions depend on the efficient functioning of the natural ecological systems.
  • Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

    • Increase their knowledge about atlases, maps and globes, and employ the relevant information periodically in the field and classroom.
    • Interpret and explain Ordnance Survey maps in the field and class, involving the use of scale and grid references, thematic and topographic mapping, and satellite and aerial photographs.
    • Utilize Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to visualize, examine, define and construe data and places.
    • Utilize fieldworks in divergent locations to gather, examine and arrive at conclusions from geographical evidence and data, using diverse sources of exceedingly complicated information.

Target group

The Key Stage 3 Geography curriculum follows Key Stage 2 Geography curriculum and encases three years of school teaching in maintained schools in Wales and England. This corresponds to years 7, 8 and 9, with the age of the students ranging from 11 to 14.


The KS3 Geography curriculum is a comprehensive domain of knowledge meant to augment a student’s threshold of geographical knowledge. While knowledge of physical Geography can be crucial in nurturing sentiments of appreciation and concerns, knowledge of human Geography can be vital in the path of nurturing sentiments of tolerance and understanding.