Meticulously framed, the Key Stage 3 History Curriculum aims to help students acquire coherent knowledge of Britain’s past and world history. Since the position of Britain has been quite strong within the arena of colonialism, the study of struggles like the American War, the French Revolution Wars and other such eminent battles, help to make sense of world history from different vantage points. The KS3 History curriculum helps accord a sense of identity to the students by helping them form a perception of their country’s position in world history.

Key Stage 3 Curriculum History

The KS3 is an integral part of the National Curriculum of England, which got introduced with the Education Reform Act. When the national curriculum first got introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. Later, England alone followed the British National Curriculum. The terminology about this stage gets specifically elucidated in the Education Act of 2002. It states, “the period beginning at the same time as the school year in which the majority of pupils in his class attain the age of twelve and ending at the same time as the school year in which the majority of pupils in his class attain the age of fourteen.”

The Objective of Study

The prime objective of the key stage 3 history curriculum is to develop a deep sense of understanding regarding the emergence of Britain as a nation with a specific essence and the role that it historically played in world history. The KS3 history topics attempt to foster a panoramic view of world affairs helping young minds to gauge the follies and achievements of mankind.

Instructions for Students

The KS3 History topics encompasses:

  • Medieval Britain (1066-1509)

    • The evolution and growth of society is an important component of key stage 3 history curriculum with emphasis upon the Church and state in Britain during the middle ages, 1066-1509

      This could involve:

      • Norman Conquest
      • Christendom, the significance of the Crusades and that of religion
      • Skirmishes between the crown and Church
      • Magna Carta and the evolution of the British Parliament
      • The English expeditions to surmount Scotland and Wales up to 1314
      • Culture, economy and society. For instance, farming, feudalism, towns and trade (specifically the wool trade), literature, religion in daily life (abbeys, monasteries and parishes), architecture and art
      • The Black Death and its economic and social repercussions
      • Peasants’ Revolt
      • Hundred Years War
      • Henry VII and efforts at re-establishing stability, Wars of the Roses
  • Tudor, Stuart and Georgian Britain (1509-1745)

    • The evolution and growth of society, Church and state in Britain during 1509-1745

      • Reformation and Renaissance in Europe
      • English Reformation and Counter-Reformation (Henry VIII to Mary I)
      • The religious settlement of the Elizabethan period and frictions with the Catholics (including Ireland, Spain and Scotland)
      • The initial colony in America and inaugural links with India
      • The factors leading to and the phases of the civil wars throughout Britain
      • The Interregnum (including Cromwell in Ireland)
      • The ‘Glorious Revolution’, Restoration and authority of the Parliament
      • Events like the Act of Union of 1707, the Hanoverian succession and the Jacobite revolts of 1715 and 1745
      • Culture, economy and society across the period. For instance, superstition and religion in daily life, music, leisure and work in country and town, literature, art and theatre

    These happen to be crucial KS3 History topics.

  • Georgian and Victorian Britain (1745-1901)

    • Notions, political affluence, empire and industry: Britain, 1745-1901 This could involve:
      • The Enlightenment in Europe in general and Britain in particular, with associations getting traced back to the scientists and thinkers of the 17th century and the establishment of the Royal Society
      • The Transatlantic slave trade of Britain: its repercussions and its consequent abolition
      • The American War of Independence and the Seven Years War
      • The French Revolutionary Wars
      • The impacts on society with the emergence of Britain as the inaugural industrial nation
      • Party politics, social reform and expansion of the franchise
      • The growth of the British Empire with an entrenched study (for instance, of India)
      • Home Rule and Ireland
      • Darwin’s ‘On The Origin of Species’
  • Modern Britain (1901-)

    • Threats to Europe, Britain and the world at large, 1901 to contemporary times.

      As an adjunct to analysing the Holocaust, this could include:

      • The First World War and the consequent Peace Settlement and the way it altered the course of world history
      • The period during the two World Wars, the repercussions of the Great Depression and the ascent of dictators
      • World War II and the wartime mentorship of Winston Churchill
      • The establishment of the Welfare State
      • Indian independence and the termination of the Empire affecting Britain’s position in world history
      • Technological, cultural and social transitions in British society in the aftermath of the war
      • Status of Britain in the world since 1945
  • Local History

    • Analysis of local history, for instance:

      • Extensive research associated with one of the aforementioned British areas of investigation
      • Analysis conducted over a period of time, inspecting the extent to which sites in their locality mirror dimensions of national history (some sites may date back to the period preceding 1066) vis-à-vis world history
      • Investigation of a specific site or dimension of local history predating 1066
  • Extended Study

    • Inspection of a theme or dimension in the history of Britain that widens and fortifies students’ sequential knowledge from before 1066, for instance:
      • The transforming dimensions of political authority in Britain analysed through the trajectory of chosen case studies dating from the Iron Age to contemporary times
      • Transitioning landscape of Britain from the Iron Age to contemporary times
      • Analysis of a specific dimension of social history, such as the repercussions over time of movement (migration) of people from, within and to the British Isles
      • An extensive investigation into a crucial turning point, for instance, the Neolithic Revolution
  • World History

    • A minimum of a single study of an important issue of society in the history of the world and its liaison with diverse developments across the globe

      • For instance, Transforming Russian empires c. 1800-1989, India during the Mughal rule 1526-1857, the USA in the 20th century and China under the Qing dynasty 1644-1911.

Target Group

The Key Stage 3 history curriculum follows Key Stage 2 history curriculum and encases three years of school teaching in maintained schools in Wales and England. This corresponds to years 7, 8 and 9, with the age of the students ranging from 11 to 14.


The Key Stage 3 history curriculum aims to dispense a comprehensive sense of understanding for the development of clarity and precision concerning different historical concepts, grounded nature of understanding of abstract terms and the methods of historical enquiry. The KS3 history helps make sense of the world regarding understanding of its genesis and the process of change.