KS4 Citizenship is recognized as an important foundation subject under the KS4 Citizenship National Curriculum, the program study program of which is skillfully designed to further refine the lessons taught during Key Stage 3. It aims at sharpening students’ comprehension vis-à-vis the concepts like political authorities, democracy and their duties, responsibilities as well as human rights and liberties as citizens. The KS4 citizenship national curriculum intends to nurture traits of active participation for which an enlightened citizenry acts as the most stable foundation. The KS4 citizenship resources are directed towards promoting respect for the international law and adherence to same.

Key Stage 4 curriculum History

KS4, an integral part of the National Curriculum of England, has been introduced with the Education Reform Act. When the national curriculum was first introduced, legally, it was valid for both England and Wales. It was later that England alone was subjected to the British National Curriculum. The terminology pertaining to the stage has been specifically elucidated in the Education Act of 2002 as “the period beginning at the same time as the school year in which the majority of pupils in his class attain the age of fifteen and ending at the same time as the school year in which the majority of pupils in his class cease to be of compulsory school age.” It would be worthwhile to take note of the fact that the termination of compulsory education in England has been lengthened to encompass the period beyond the age of sixteen; however, compulsory education after the age of sixteen is not deemed suitable for being categorized under Key Stage 4.

The objective of study

Deepening of student’s understanding of the operation and structure of the political frame of structure; including that of extremely crucial topics like international law and human rights form the core objective of KS4 citizenship national curriculum. The KS4 citizenship resources aid in the development of competence for the utilization of diverse research strategies, consideration of evidence, formulation of compelling and convincing arguments as well as corroboration of their conclusions through substantive proofs. The KS4 citizenship national curriculum is directed towards the promotion of receptivity towards the issues plaguing society and helping persuade students to ponder upon feasible alternatives and solutions which could resolve them.

Students should be instructed about

Students should be instructed in:

  • The functioning of parliamentary democracy as a political system and the prime components of the Law of the Land (Constitution) of the United Kingdom, emphasizing upon notions such as the role and responsibilities of the citizenry and human rights as well as the Parliament in ensuring accountability and transparency in the conduct of governance, the political authority of those in power and the diverse roles of the legislature, executive and the judiciary as well as an unencumbered press, acting as the fourth pillar of the government. This forms the most crucial domain of KS4 citizenship national curriculum.
  • The different kinds of election systems practiced in and outside the United Kingdom and avenues available to the citizens within the contours of a democratic electoral process for exercising influence over policy formulation at the local as well as the national level. The KS4 citizenship resources are crucial in perpetuation of a sense of understanding of the entitlements available to an individual
  • Knowledge about political systems, forms and structures of government, democratic as well as non-democratic, outside the territorial parameters of the United Kingdom
  • The functioning of the government at different levels, local, regional as well as international, with emphasis upon the connection of United Kingdom with the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the rest of Europe as well as the other countries on the global platform
  • The notion of international law and the significance of human rights
  • The juridical framework in UK, genesis of legal statutes from different sources as well as the ways in which these legal enactments aids society in resolving complicated issues, including intervention in the name of human rights
  • The problems confronting people epitomizing different national, religious, regional and ethnic identities in the UK as well as fomenting of sentiment of mutual respect and tolerance
  • The different paths available to the citizens for committing positively towards the betterment of the community, inclusive of the opportunity to take part enthusiastically as volunteers in community programs as well as other kinds of responsible activities
  • Diverse economic issues confronting society including credit and debt, pensions and savings, income and expenditure, financial services and products, insurance as well as the means through which public money is raised and spent

Target group

Key Stage 4 follows Key Stage 3 and encases two years of school teaching in maintained schools in Wales and England. It encases year 10 and year 11, with the age of students ranging from 14 to 16.


The KS4 citizenship national curriculum is thus skillfully structured to provide students with an opportunity to immerse themselves in depths of knowledge pertaining to the intricacies of the operation of the political system of the nation. Topics such as international law as well as human rights in a global context help to provide a sense of universal outlook by channeling thoughts towards issues which are burning topics in the contemporary globalized world.